If above patient gets a reassurance from a doc without conducting scans & tests, and later on, after few months if he finds that there is a brain tumour. Rather than going to consumer court, he keeps on bad mouthing the doc for not conducting tests & scans when the tumour was in primary stages. Notwithstanding the fact that patient always has got a freedom to take a second opinion & refuse to undergo a scan or test.(practically, docs never physically overpower the patient and push the patient in the scan machines) AFA as the link provided above, where it is mentioned that death rate goes down when docs are on strike is concerned, I would like to quote a part of it here. 'there was a fifty-two-day period in which doctors disappeared altogether except for emergency care.' Doesn't this mean if docs are available full time for emergency services, death rate goes down? The term 'Iatrogenesis' is also invented and researched the reasons & solutions for it only by docs and not by the Google which is considered as reliable source of medical knowledge than the docs! Problem in India is that if a doc earns more money, it is considered as unfair but same is not true for people like Dhirubhai Ambani & Adanis. And real reason is that docs are considered Gods. But you must have seen a god's temple where a devotee pray to the god for something. And if the prayer bears the desirable fruits, then the devotee donate whatever was promised by him at the time of prayer . But, if the prayer does not bear desirable fruit or if something goes worse. Have you ever seen a devotee calling his relatives & friends throwing stones & breaking panes, beating the staff of the temple? I know, answer is 'No', but at a doc's clinic, who is also considered as a god, you often see it happens in that way. Things would improve a lot if society & docs themselves stop thinking that they are gods but normal human beings & professionals. AFA, frauds in the pharma companies are concerned, whenever a drug is to be introduced in market, The drug is first tested on mice, pigs, cows, frogs etc, later on it is tested & tried on human beings. And there are official & ethical ways to conduct the trials. 1) double blind randomised controlled trials 2)double blind randomised uncontrolled trails. 3)meta analysis. The uncontrolled trials sounds and practically unreliable. But other two methods are reliable and the result is mentioned in percentage of success of a drug against a disease and tells docs to use it against the disease on human beings taking in to account the facts mentioned in the trial results. Any pharma, if found doing some foul during the trail or preparing the result of the trail can be found easily as everything is on paper and punished accordingly by the law. And as mentioned in the links provided above they have been caught doing that. And, also majority of pharmas are not found doing any foul play.