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How Padmini helped Premier drive around hurdles

Discussion in 'Hangout' started by Herbie, Jan 23, 2015.

  1. Herbie

    Herbie Regolare

    Grande Punto 1.4
    Despite government controls, Walchand Hirachand Group cracked the market


    Image: Premier Padmini; Photograph: Mr Choppers/Wikimedia Commons

    Long before the iPad got invented in Cupertino, California, India had its own ‘Pad’ to enjoy.

    And, laying hands on one of these in the seventies and eighties was even more challenging than queuing, overnight, outside an Apple store for a new iPad version. Indians who wanted a Pad had to wait not for days or weeks, but years.

    The wait culminated with a call from the dealer, asking the lucky owner to pick it up. More often than not, besides the buyer’s immediate family, friends and well-wishers, too, gathered to celebrate the Pad’s home-coming.

    Pad was a moniker for the Premier Padmini, which became the jewel in the crown of the Mumbai-based Walchand Hirachand Group.

    Formed in 1944, Premier started production right after India’s independence and churned out Plymouth cars and Dodge trucks, built under licence from the Chrysler Corporation of the US.


    Image: Premier Padmini taxis in Mumbai; Photograph: Gobeirne/Wikimedia Commons

    But under then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, India functioned as a socialist state and cars were considered a luxury, and of low priority.

    “This is ironic as the automobile industry transformed the economies of the US, South Korea and even war-ravaged Germany and Japan, turning them into industrial powerhouses,” says an industry veteran, who worked closely with the company.

    Premier could only move forward by bringing in a small car that would not have the trappings of luxury.

    In 1952, it entered into a licence agreement with Italy’s Fiat to bring the Fiat 1100.

    In the sixties and seventies, the Government of India imposed price and volume controls and banned upgrade or model change by the passenger vehicle industry.

    The price control was completely lifted only in 1985.


    Image: A driver stands amid parked taxis near Santa Cruz domestic airport in Mumbai; Photograph: Vivek Prakash/Reuters

    By 1972-73, the agreement with Fiat was vacated, on the government’s insistence for local production.

    After a year of being rolled out as the Premier President, from a plant in Mumbai’s Kurla, the car was renamed, finally, as the Premier Padmini in 1974.

    It is said that the government objected to the name ‘President’.

    Padmini’s reference to the legendary queen of Chittor and her beauty was even captured in an ad later on.

    The car had a price-tag of Rs 30,000, with a 1.1-litre petrol engine, producing 40-bhp peak power.


    Image: A taxi driver inspects the engine of his Premier Padmini taxi at a taxi park in Mumbai; Photograph: Vivek Prakash/Reuters

    Unlike the chubby Ambassador from Hindustan Motors, the Padmini, with its modern, sleek lines and uncluttered look, appealed to women, celebrities and young buyers in the 1970s-80s.

    While the ‘built-like-a-tank’ Amby became a favourite with government officials and politicians, the Padmini drove into the hearts of the upper middle-class.

    Both had foreign antecedents -- the Ambassador evolved from the Morris Oxford III and the Padmini from the Fiat 1100.

    The Tamil superstar Rajinikanth, yesteryear’s evergreen actor Dev Anand and actor-producer Aamir Khan have all been owners of the Padmini.

    The car has also weaved its way into Bollywood, immortalised in songs such as ‘Seene me jalan. . .’ sung by Suresh Wadkar in the movie Gaman and in movies, the most recent being the John Abraham-Nana Patekar-starrer Taxi No. 9211.


    Image: A Premier Padmini taxi travels along Marine Drive in Mumbai. Photograph: Vivek Prakash/Reuters

    The Padmini entered the Mumbai taxi market in the late-60s, when Premier approached the state government to encourage products by Maharashtra-based companies.

    Earlier, Mumbai’s taxis used to be Ambassadors.

    Easy and cheap to maintain, with legroom for travellers and a boot for luggage, the Padmini was considered safe and practical, and did well as a taxi after its introduction.

    Contrary to popular perception, the taxi business was a small fraction of the total monthly sales of the Padmini.

    Out of 3,400 cars sold every month, only 300 were sold as taxis.

    The taxi business was more of a CSR activity for Premier, as the cars were subsidised. Premier made no money from its taxi business, notes a historian.


    Image: A de-registered Premier Padmini taxi is pictured covered in dust with love hearts etched on its windows inside a scrapyard in Mumbai. Photograph: Vivek Prakash/Reuters

    By the late-70s, Padmini’s market share reached 99 per cent with more than 38,000 vehicles plying in Mumbai.

    Padminis were also used as taxis in other markets, but none of these were the size of Mumbai’s taxi fleet.

    The highest volume achieved by the Padmini was of 37,000 units in 1987.

    This was inspite of the onslaught from the Maruti 800, which was a brand-new car with nearly 15-20 per cent price subsidy from the government.

    By then, the Padmini had versions with ACs and tinted glass windows as well.

    But with the nineties downing the entry barriers to multinationals and with stricter pollution-control norms, Premier found Padmini’s engine to be unfit to face competition. By 2000, it stopped producing the car, with the Kurla plant suffering a lock-out after a workers’ strike the following year.

    It turned to focus on commercial vehicles.

    The Padmini taxis are also on their way out, being scrapped after the government decreed that above-20-year-old cabs won’t be allowed to run.

    The remaining kali-peeli (black-yellow) Padmini cabs on Mumbai’s streets are now being eagerly replaced by Hyundai Santro, Maruti 800, Maruti Suzuki Wagon R and Tata Indica.

    SOURCE : http://www.rediff.com/business/repo...ped-premier-drive-around-hurdles/20150123.htm
  2. pabhishek

    pabhishek Esperto

    Linea T-Jet
    It was a good read. Thanks for sharing.
  3. Navneet

    Navneet Amatore

    Linea T-Jet
    Very good article Herbie,

    It was strange to see that in India, we are banning this cars for the pollution they make(asper reason given by most of the newspaper). Is it the whole car or just the combustion system which is to be rectified for this? I guess the just the combustion system. But who will explain our political people. FIAT 1100 were forcefully banned , cause they were not replaceable . They are still strong to carry six people on board, and heavy duty luggage space in the back, which the new generation cars are not able to provide. And with CNG on board, they are bread earner for those TAXI drivers. We banned them cause they make pollution, but then why the PUC is in place? That stuff is whole corrupted and useless altogether, and cause of no good policies in place this beauties are getting banned.

    In London , the MOT concept is in place which is much strict and applicable to all , but PUC at our end is all money making business.

    Many time , i feel the old FIAT TAXI are much comfortable than newer SANTROS and Marutis on Bombay Road. And they brake a lot compare to the FIATS.

    Was proud to see that, it was FIAT which were more in numbers, and not Marutis, on Bombay's road. But soon that will go away. Will miss you 1100s.

    A Fiat Lover
  4. kailasmenon2000

    kailasmenon2000 Superiore

    Good article Herbie...Sad to hear that Padmini's will be vanished soon :(

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